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Archived FedPro Message

SUBJECTSchoolwide Programs


As your LEA plans for the 2010-2011 school year, we encourage you to review the guidance available on schoolwide programs.  The following information can be useful in determining which Title I program is best for your schools.

Title I Targeted Assistance versus Schoolwide Programs

How Title I funds may be used to benefit low-achieving students depends on whether the Title I school using the funds operates a schoolwide program or a targeted assistance program.  In a targeted assistance program, Title I funds may be used only for supplementary educational services for children identified as being most at risk of not meeting State standards.  The LEA must ensure that the school uses Title I funds only for activities supplementing those that would be available for Title I students from non-Federal funds in the absence of the Title I funds.

A school operating a schoolwide program is not required to identify specific students as eligible to participate in the schoolwide program, or to demonstrate that the services provided with Title I funds are supplemental to services that would otherwise be provided.  If a Title I school is operating a schoolwide program, the LEA must ensure that, of the non-Federal funds available to the LEA in a given year, the school building receives all of those funds it would otherwise have received if it were not operating a schoolwide program.  This would include funds necessary to provide services required by law for ELL students and those with disabilities.   However, the school does not need to demonstrate that Title I funds are used only for activities supplementing those the school would otherwise provide with non-Federal funds.  In other words, the focus is on ensuring that a schoolwide school receives all the non-federal resources it would receive were it not operating a schoolwide program, rather than on the supplemental nature of the services provided or the eligibility of particular students to receive those services.


Schoolwide Requirements

Section 1114 of Title I allows a school building in which 40 percent or more of its students are from low-income or free & reduced lunch families to use its Title I funds, along with other Federal, State, and local funds, to operate a schoolwide program.  The intent is to upgrade the entire educational program in the school to improve the academic performance of all students, particularly the lowest-achieving students.  In order to operate a schoolwide program, a school must conduct a comprehensive needs assessment of the entire school.  In consultation with the Federal Instructional Improvement Supervisor and the LEA, a school will use data from the needs assessment to develop a comprehensive plan that meets the requirements of the ESEA and §200.27 of the Title I regulations.  Typically, the plan should be developed during a one-year period unless the LEA, after considering the recommendation of the Federal Instructional Improvement Supervisor, determines less time is needed to develop and implement the schoolwide program.  A shorter time period may be especially appropriate if an LEA requires all schools to develop school plans addressing all or many of the same strategies required for Title I schoolwide plans or if the school has an improvement plan already written.

Purpose of Schoolwide Programs

The underlying purpose of the schoolwide approach is to enable schools with high numbers of at-risk children to integrate the services they provide to their children from Federal, State, and local resources.

Such schools are most likely to be effective if they can make significant changes in the way they deliver services.   A building with an approved schoolwide plan may consolidate funds from Federal, State, and local sources to implement the school’s comprehensive plan to upgrade its entire educational program.  

Consolidating Funds

The Missouri Department of Education encourages schools to consolidate funds from Federal, State, and local sources in their schoolwide programs.  The ePeGS funding application allows LEAs to consolidate funds through the completion of the Schoolwide Pool pages in the consolidated programs funding application.  In consolidating State and local funds with funds from Title I and other Federal programs, a schoolwide program school does not need to meet most of the statutory and regulatory requirements of the Federal programs included in the consolidation as long as it meets the intent and purposes of those programs.  Moreover, the school is not required to maintain separate fiscal accounting records by program identifying the specific activities supported by those particular funds in order to demonstrate the activities are allowable under the program. Each school, however, must identify the specific programs being consolidated, and the amount each program contributes to the consolidation, and maintain records that demonstrate the schoolwide program addresses the intent and purposes of each of the Federal programs whose funds are being consolidated to support the schoolwide program. 


The following websites provide guidance on requirements and questions regarding the development and implementation of schoolwide programs:     (pages 49-67)   (whole document)     (pages 4-7)

If you have questions regarding schoolwide programs, please contact your Federal Instructional Improvement Supervisor or your Federal Grants Management Supervisor.  You may also contact the staff at .

Bette Morff

Coordinator, Federal Grants and Financial Management

Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education

Telephone:  573-751-8280