Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) is a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. FERPA gives parents certain rights with respect to their children's education records. These rights transfer to the student when he or she reaches the age of 18 or attends a school beyond the high school level. Students to whom the rights have transferred are "eligible students."
The Department of Education (Department) is required to notify annually each State educational agency (SEA) and each local educational agency (LEA) of their obligations under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and the Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA).
- Superintendent's Notice
- FERPA Model Notification of Rights
- FERPA Directory Information Notice
- PPRA General Notice
- PPRA Model Consent
Schools may disclose, without consent, "directory" information such as a student's name, address, telephone number, date and place of birth, honors and awards, and dates of attendance. However, schools must tell parents and eligible students about directory information and allow parents and eligible students a reasonable amount of time to request that the school not disclose directory information about them. Schools must notify parents and eligible students annually of their rights under FERPA. The actual means of notification (special letter, inclusion in a PTA bulletin, student handbook, or newspaper article) is left to the discretion of each school.
- US. Department of Education, Family Policy Compliance Office
- Parents' Guide to FERPA: Rights Regarding Children’s Education Records
- Balancing Student Privacy and School Safety: A Guide to FERPA for Elementary and Secondary Schools
- Safe Schools & FERPA